Breeding Services

As a pet owner it is important to take care of your pet's reproductive health.

Breeding

We have a breeding centre on site.

Artificial insemination

In offering reproductive services, our goal is the same as yours - to help breed a healthy, happy litter. But, sometimes breeding naturally just isn't in the cards. With today's technology, we are able to offer artificial insemination to help breeders simulate natural breeding and reproduce healthy pets. In order to achieve this, we offer several methods of insemination that require testing to accurately time the female's ovulation patterns, increasing her chances of successfully producing a litter. If you have any questions, or want to make an appointment to begin the process for your pet, contact our office today.

Reasons to consider artificial insemination:


  • Convenience of not needing the male and female to be in same place at same time
  • Cuts down on breeder costs because female doesn't have to be shipped to stud
  • Good for females who have had difficulty conceiving
  • Female isn't interested in stud, or female won't allow male to mount her
  • If stud is a show dog, artificial insemination won't interrupt his show schedule
  • Male is younger and doesn't understand mounting process


Methods of artificial insemination

There are several different methods of artificial insemination, each with its own benefits. The veterinarian will discuss the various options with you and will help you decide which method is best for your pet based upon the pet's health, age, and fertility.

Surgical insemination - During the surgical process pets undergo general anesthesia. The veterinarian makes an incision similar to a spaying incision. Semen is then injected into the exposed uterus with a needle, and the incision is closed. Conception rates via surgical insemination are very similar to natural mating conception rates; it is the most successful form of artificial insemination.

Transcervical/Laparoscopic insemination - Doesn't require sedation and does not cause damage to cervix, uterus, or vaginal tract. The veterinarian uses a stiff endoscope to visualize the cervical opening and inserts a pliable plastic catheter through the cervix into the uterus and deposits the semen.

Vaginal insemination - Similar to transcervical insemination, vaginal insemination does not require sedation; it only requires manual restraint. Being the simplest method of artificial insemination, the veterinarian quickly inserts a syringe loaded with semen into the vagina and deposits the semen then withdraws the syringe.

If you have any questions about artificial insemination for pets, please contact our veterinary practice.

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Looking to improve conception rates in your breeding program? Using one of two methods, we can assist you in determining the optimum time to breed your dogs and enhance the success of pregnancy.

We can perform vaginal cytology on female dogs to calculate the stage of estrus. This method involves taking a swab of the vaginal cells and analyzing them under a microscope. Usually more than one swab is required. Another method we can use is to perform a progesterone blood test to help determine the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge and ovulation time and pinpoint the dog's fertile period.

Additional tests, including a thyroid analysis, may also be performed on your dog before estrus. These tests can rule out any potential problems or alert you to issues that need to be addressed before breeding.

Please call and set up an appointment with one of our veterinarians to discuss how we can further assist you with your breeding program.

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Cesarean section

Whether you are a breeder or have an accidental litter, you might be faced with the need for a Cesarean section (C-section). There are many reasons that female pets require a C-section, ranging from a narrow birth canal to an awkward positioning of the litter. In some cases, a C-section can save the mother and litter's lives. Our skilled surgeons are proud to offer our patients scheduled and emergency Cesarean section services.

Reason for a Cesarean section:


  • Fetal distress
  • Irregularity of a particular breed, namely size or shape of newborn
  • Litter consists of a single offspring
  • Litter is in awkward position and cesarean section might be necessary to save litter
  • Mother is having difficulty with natural birthing, and C-section becomes necessary
  • Mother's pelvic shape or size
  • Mothers that have previously had litters via cesarean will likely have future litters similarly


What does a Cesarean section involve?

A Cesarean section is usually straightforward. In cases where the lives of the mother and her offspring are in danger, emphasis is placed on extracting the newborns hastily. In all cases, great precision and care are taken to ensure the safety and health of all patients. Initially, the mother's abdomen is cleaned and shaved to reveal the surgical site. The mother then receives an injection of local anesthesia around the proposed incision site to numb the area and lessen the total amount of general anesthesia necessary for the surgery. An IV sedative is then introduced to allow the mother to completely relax. For their safety, we only implement mild sedative medications to protect the lives of the mother and her offspring. The midline incision is then made, exposing the uterus. Each newborn is gently extracted from the uterus and placed in neonatal care where breathing is stimulated, the amniotic sac is removed, fluid is taken out of their lungs, and their umbilical cords are tied. The mother's incision is then sutured closed.

The mother and her litter remain under neonatal care for the next few days. Because the mother did not undergo the natural whelping process, she is more likely to reject her newborns and must be introduced to the process of nurturing her offspring. With the help of our trained staff, the mother will be guided in nurturing her litter and will be taught typical mothering techniques. After she begins to take motherly initiatives, the mother and newborns can be released to their owner.

If you have any questions about Cesarean section surgeries or would like to schedule a surgery, please contact our office.

Whelping and queening

Giving birth can be an overwhelming process for pets, especially if complications arise. The process of giving birth for canines (whelping) and felines (queening) is instinctual, but some pet owners prefer to have a veterinarian assist with the birthing process, especially for breeds that are known to have troubles. At our office, we offer whelping and queening services along with neonatal care for pet owners and breeders. If you are interested in any of these services, please contact our office.

Reasons for assistance with whelping or queening a litter include:

Certain breeds (e.g. Boston Terriers, Bulldogs, and Persian Cats) tend to have difficulties delivering their offspring, and a Cesarean section might be necessary. Having a veterinarian present and prepared makes the transition from a live birth to surgical extraction of the newborns easy and risk-free.

If newborns are premature, a veterinarian can nurture them to adequate health and help prevent loss of multiple newborns.

Occasionally a litter has one or multiple still borns (non-living babies). These can hinder the birth of live offspring. A veterinarian is properly trained to handle a stillborn so birthing the rest of the litter isn't disrupted.

Mammary glands can become infected or blocked. As a result, the offspring cannot feed. Under close veterinary care this issue can promptly be addressed before it results in infant death.

Why would I need a veterinarian for the delivery process?

Prior to birthing, care for a pregnant pet involves a special diet, exercise, booster vaccinations, and parasite control. During the birthing and nursing processes, complications can arise especially for a new breeder or a pet owner facing an accidental breeding who might not be versed on the process of delivery. The following complications indicate the need for a veterinarian present during the delivery process:


  1. Contractions lasting longer than one hour
  2. A mother who has not started delivering puppies after an hour and a half from the onset of labor
  3. A mother who has vaginal discharge and pus oozing after delivery and has not passed placenta
  4. mother who is resting for periods longer than four hours between newborns

If your pregnant pet is experiencing complications, please contact our office immediately.